An OBGYN’s areas of specialization deal with the female reproductive system. Obstetrics covers all aspects of the system and its organs during pregnancy. Gynecology comes into the picture when there is no pregnancy to be concerned about. This doctor is therefore needed whether a woman is pregnant or not. If you wish to become an OBGYN, you first have to get your medical degree, then proceed for further studies to specialize in the field. A gynecologist has to receive training in obstetrics, but obstetrics does not have to receive training in gynecology. When they graduate, most OBGYNs venture into general practice, but there are some who will further advance their training into specialist fields.
These specializing in ventures mean joining a fellowship, which shall provide clinical, operational and research training to them. The length of the training depends on the chosen field. Examples include maternal-fetal medicine, gynecological oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, pelvic reconstructive surgery, family planning and menopausal gynecology, to name a few.
An OBGYN can do so many procedures for either pregnant or non-pregnant women. The ultrasound is one of their most sought-after services. Pregnant women will need access to this service at different stages of the gestation period. It is the way to gather more info about the health status of both mother and fetus. The obstetrician will use the first ultrasound to tell the woman how far the pregnancy has gone and when to be ready to deliver the baby. This procedure shall be conducted at the OBGYN’s office where they have an ultrasound sonographer. When the pregnancy is about to come to an end, a contraction stress test will be done. This test is done when contractions are induced, which will point out how the fetus will react, if there any areas of concern, and who smoothly the childbirth shall go.
You will discover more gynecological procedures these doctors are trained to perform. They for instance perform dilation and curettage. Dilation is done to enlarge the entrance of the patient’s uterus, as curettage is done to scrape the lining of the uterus for tissue samples. It is necessary when they need to know more about, and treat, the occurrence of abnormal uterine bleeding. The collected samples shall be observed under a microscope to check for abnormal cells.
Another one is hysterectomy, which is quite popular. It involves the partial or total removal of the uterus. They do this for a woman who has reached childbearing age. Such a resolution is reached in cases of chronic pelvic pain, cancer, or abnormal uterine bleeding.
An OBGYN has extensive skills and training to do so many procedures for both pregnant and not pregnant women.